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"Cyberpunk is a portmanteau of cybernetics and punk. Fittingly, cyberpunk films are usually set in a near-future, post-industrial and sometimes Dystopian Earth or Earth-like society. These societies are dominated by some tyrannical, cruel regime, in which the lower class lives in a perpetual state of negligence. Such regimes might come in the form of mega-corporations and/or artificial intelligence that have taken over mankind. Common themes include social decay, crime, rebellious youth, tropes related to the emergence of the world wide web and hacker culture in particular, as well as the unintended consequences of technology. Certain films also highlight the ethical problems characters are compelled to face during a period of moral ambiguity. In accordance with their affiliation to crime and individualistic, rebellious characters, cyberpunk films take some influence from 1940s and '50s Film noir. Such influences include the use of shadowy visuals and cinematography, leading to frequent crossovers with the closely related Tech-Noir genre, which emerged around the same era. Fast-paced, suspenseful narratives and extensive scenes of fighting or chases are common in the genre, and it typically implements elements of Action or Thriller. Cyberpunk reached its peak of popularity in the 1980s, with films such as Blade Runner (1982) and The Terminator (1984), but the genre would continue to influence cinema in the upcoming decades, exemplified by the successful Dredd (2012). Over time cyberpunk gained significant popularity within the Japanese Anime community, as in アキラ [Akira] (1988) and 攻殻機動隊 [Ghost in the Shell] (1995). Another notable and influential example of cyberpunk is the Wachowskis' The Matrix (1999), whose success and popularity would inspire many films of related genres in the years after its release. The aesthetics and futuristic settings associated with cyberpunk subsequently brought about the emergence of the parallel cyberpunk gaming genre. (RYM)"
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